The Autobiography of Malcolm X: A Life in Ten Key Points

Malcolm X Biography:

  • Born: Malcolm Little, May 19, 1925, Omaha, Nebraska
  • Died: February 21, 1965, New York City, New York
  • Nicknames: “Detroit Red,” “Malcolm X”
  • Parents: Earl Little (Baptist preacher, activist) & Louise Norton Little
  • Siblings: Eight

Malcolm X Nationality & Age:

  • American
  • Died at the age of 39
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Malcolm X Education and Schooling:

  • Attended various schools in Lansing and Mason, Michigan
  • Dropped out after eighth grade
  • Briefly attended Roxbury Community College in Boston

Malcolm X Relationship and Personal Life:

  • Married twice:
    • First wife: Loretta EAN EAN (1958-1964)
    • Second wife: Betty Shabazz (1964-1965)
  • Six children: Attallah, Qubilah, Ilyasah, Gamilah Lumumba, Malikah, and Malaak
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Malcolm X  Career Beginnings:

  • Early 1940s: Worked various odd jobs in Boston and Harlem
  • Involved in hustling, drug use, and petty crime
  • 1946: Arrested for burglary and sentenced to 6-10 years in prison.

Malcolm X Career and Contributions:

  • While incarcerated, Malcolm X converted to Islam and joined the Nation of Islam
  • Became a minister and spokesperson for the Nation, advocating for Black separatism and racial pride
  • Founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. and established himself as a powerful voice for racial justice
  • 1964: Broke with the Nation of Islam and embraced Pan-Africanism
  • Founded Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU)
  • Toured the Middle East and Africa, forging international connections
  • Published his autobiography, “The Autobiography of Malcolm X,” in 1965

Malcolm X Achievements and Awards:

  • X Prize for Literature (1965)
  • “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” remains a landmark text in American literature and social justice discourse
  • Malcolm X is considered one of the most influential figures in the Civil Rights Movement and Black history

Malcolm X Conclusion and Legacy:

  • Malcolm X’s life and work continue to inspire and challenge us today. His autobiography offers a raw and powerful account of his experiences with racism, identity, and transformation.
  • While his views evolved throughout his life, his core message of Black empowerment and self-determination remains relevant in the fight for racial justice.
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